* Threatened or Endangered

Texas Longhorn *

 : Bos taurus

 : Mammal

 : Protected areas and ranches of central and southern United States

 : Grasses, hay and grain

 : Up to 800 pounds

 : Thriving in certain areas of the United States

This hardy breed of cattle is believed to be the descendants of Spanish cattle brought to America by Christopher Columbus.  For a time, feral populations grazed alongside the American Bison.  With the coming of the railroad and barbed wire fences, the Longhorn was pushed to the brink of extinction.  In 1927 the United States Forest Service started a small herd in Oklahoma to begin the breed's comeback.  Thanks to this effort, herds of these beasts are now being raised throughout the midwest.